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Poetique de l'Eloge: La panegyrique dans le poesie d'al-Ahtal.

(IFAO, Textes Arabes et Etudes Islamiques, t. 52)

著者名:
Bakhouch, Mohammed
出版元:
IFAO
頁数:
xv,507p
刊行年:
2015
ISBN:
9782724706390

Arabic poetry -- Ah̲ṭal, Ġiyāt̲ ibn Ġawt̲ al-Taġlibī al- -- (0640-0708) -- Criticism and interpretation -- 622-750

As a centuries-old art still alive today, the panegyric [madīḥ] did not arouse much interest among scholars. Yet, the analysis of the madīḥ-s, dated and authentic, by the famous “bard of the Umayyads”, al-Akhtal [m. 710 A.D] shows that, far from being a mere flattering and superficial portrait of the man in power or the dignitary, the panegyric, by making the dedicatee [mamdūḥ] a model, becomes de facto the receptacle of the cardinal values on which a whole society agrees. The figure embodied by the dedicatee is an ideal to reach, and the poetic discourse is a reminder of its founding values, thus contributing to their perpetuation.
Besides, the panegyric mobilizes the collective memory, tirelessly rewrites the history of the community and celebrates loudly its new achievements.
It is also a poem in which a vision of the world is expressed, as well as a fertile imaginary, nourished by now degraded beliefs and myths, coming from immemorial times, and taking shape from the topoi and figures of speech it harbors (we can think, for example, of the desert travel on the back of a she-camel [raḥīl]).
In regard to its structure, rather than the juxtaposition of scattered elements, the madīḥ poem appears to be an organically united ensemble, in which various components such as the love prologue [nasīb], and/or the raḥīl, and/or the satire [hiǧāʾ] can be found, for various reasons. Their presence, conditioned by the circumstances of the composition or the performance, is both the result of the poet’s choice and of an intentional poetic project.
Finally, according to the Mauss perspective (see The Gift), the panegyric comes within the scope of an exchange of gifts. Motivated by the ḥāǧa [quest], it is a gift through which the poet obliges and compels his dedicatee.

No.
37846
価格:
13,388円


2019年 09月 21日 5195277 リクエスト (2015年 06月 19日 より)

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